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CYDA Education Survey 2016 - National Summary of Results

Total number of surveys completed: 1396

1. IN WHAT CAPACITY ARE YOU COMPLETING THIS SURVEY?
Parent - 82%
Other family - 3%
Young person with disability - 6%
Other (teachers, aides, disability services providers, advocates) - 9%

2. WHAT STATE OR TERRITORY DO YOU LIVE IN?
ACT - 1%
NSW - 28%
NT - 2%
QLD - 23%
SA - 7%
TAS - 3%
VIC - 25%
WA - 11%

3. WHAT TYPE OF AREA DO YOU LIVE IN?
Metropolitan - 57%
Regional - 40%
Remote - 3%

4. ARE YOU FROM A NON-ENGLISH SPEAKING BACKGROUND?
Yes  - 6%
No - 94%

5. ARE YOU OF ABORIGINAL OR TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER BACKGROUND?
Aboriginal - 3%
Torres Strait Islander - 1%
No - 96%

6. HOW OLD IS THE STUDENT?
≤4 - 3%
5 to 7 - 19%
8 to 10 - 24%
11 to 12 - 15%
13 to 15 - 18%
16 to 18 - 13%
19+ - 7%
Not stated - 1%

Primary school (5-11 years) - 52%
Secondary school (12-17 years) - 34%
Other - 14%

7. WHAT IS THE STUDENT’S GENDER?
Female - 35%
Male - 64%
Other - 1%

8. WHAT TYPE OF SCHOOL DOES THE STUDENT ATTEND?
Government - 67%
Non-government - 23%
Home schooling - 3%
Distance education or e-Learning - 3%
Other (including pre-school, higher education, or not at school) - 4%

9a. WHAT TYPE OF SETTING IS THE STUDENT'S SCHOOL?
Mainstream school - 75%
Special school - 19%
Dual enrolment - 6%

9b. IF IN A MAINSTREAM SCHOOL, WHAT TYPE OF CLASS IS THE STUDENT ENROLLED IN?
Regular class - 84%
Special unit - 9%
Other (including gifted, transition, and life skills programs)  - 7%

10. DOES THE STUDENT ATTEND SCHOOL FULL TIME?
Yes - 88%
No - 12%

If no, why not?
  • School unable to adequately meet student’s needs - 49%
  • Age - 13%
  • Home school or distance education - 10%
  • Suspended or expelled - 3%
  • Requiring frequent hospitalisation - 8%
  • Co-enrolled in other program (including TAFE or work experience) - 6%
  • Flexible learning program (cited as positive) - 4%
  • Other - 7%
11. DOES THE STUDENT HAVE A DIAGNOSED DISABILITY OR LEARNING DIFFERENCE?
Yes - 96%
No - 4%

12. HAS THE STUDENT BEEN REFUSED ENROLMENT?
Yes - 8%
No - 92%

If yes, why?
  • No reason specified other than ‘wouldn’t accept student with disability' - 33%
  • School stated they had inadequate resources - 25%
  • School didn’t formally refuse but put pressure on student not to attend - 13%
  • Expulsion or suspension - 5%
  • School suggested special school as better option - 3%
  • General reason (including not situated in district zone) - 2%
  • Child removed because of lack of support - 2%
  • Child removed because they experienced abuse - 2%
  • School advised they had a quota of students with disability - 2%
  • School offered conditional enrolment - 2%
  • Other/didn’t say - 11%
13a. IS THE STUDENT RECEIVING SPECIFIC SUPPORT AT SCHOOL BECAUSE OF A DISABILITY OR LEARNING DIFFERENCE?
Yes - 73%
No - 27%

13b. IF YES, WHAT TYPE OF SUPPORT DOES THE STUDENT RECEIVE? 
Curriculum modification - 19%
Individual support worker - 13%
Specific aides and equipment - 12%
Teacher or other school staff have completed professional development - 11%
Supervision - 10%
Social support - 10%
Assistance with personal care - 7%
Behavioural support - 9%
Access to specialist allied health - 7%
Other - 2%

14. IS THE STUDENT ELIGIBLE FOR ADDITIONAL SPECIFIC FUNDING BECAUSE OF A DISABILITY OR LEARNING DIFFERENCE?
Yes - 57%
No - 43%

15a. DO YOU THINK THE LEVEL OF SUPPORT THE STUDENT RECEIVES AT SCHOOL IS ADEQUATE?
Yes - 33%
No - 67%

15b. CAN YOU PLEASE EXPLAIN WHY THIS IS THE CASE?
Inadequate funding and resources available - 49%
Positive response - 20%
School unwilling to make accommodations - 15%
Lack of expertise - 12%
Other - 3%
Lack of consultation with families or care givers - 1%

16a. IS THE STUDENT RECEIVING PAID SUPPORT THROUGH A NATIONAL DISABILITY INSURANCE SCHEME (NDIS) INDIVIDUAL FUNDING PACKAGE?
Yes - 10%
No - 90%

16b. IF YES, ARE THERE ANY SUPPORTS THAT THE NDIS FUNDS FOR THE STUDENT TO ASSIST IN ACCESSING EDUCATION?*
Yes (including access to specialist allied health, transport, classroom support) - 20%
No - 80%
*148 respondents

17. HAS THE STUDENT BEEN EXCLUDED FROM EVENTS OR ACTIVITIES AT SCHOOL?
Yes - 34%
No - 66%

Experiences of exclusion cited:
  • Usual curriculum - 34%
  • Excursions - 17%
  • Excluded as punishment for behaviour (includes suspension or expulsion) - 11%
  • Camps - 10%
  • School events - 10%
  • School yard access - 6%
  • Testing - 4%
  • Parents had to attend for student to attend - 3%
  • School citing funding as excuse for exclusion - 2%
  • Excluded by peers - 2% 
  • Extracurricular activities - 1%
18. HAS THE STUDENT EXPERIENCED BULLYING AT SCHOOL?
Yes - 52%
No - 48%

Experiences of bullying cited:
  • Emotional (including teasing, social exclusion, threats, intimidation, or through social media) - 57%
  • Physical - 8%
  • Sexual - 1%
  • Multiple forms of bullying - 12%
  • Not specified - 22%
19. HAS THE STUDENT EXPERIENCED RESTRAINT AT SCHOOL? 
Yes - 19%
No - 81%

Experiences of restraint cited:
  • Physical - 38%
  • Psychosocial - 8%
  • Mechanical - 7%
  • Chemical - 2%
  • Multiple forms of restraint - 6%
  • Not specified - 6%
  • Responses provided examples of seclusion, exclusion, or bullying - 33%
20. HAS THE STUDENT EXPERIENCED SECLUSION AT SCHOOL?
Yes - 19%
No - 81%

21a. DOES THE STUDENT HAVE AN INDIVIDUAL EDUCATION PLAN (IEP) IN PLACE?
Yes - 66%
No - 34%

21b. IF YES, WERE YOU INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE IEP?
Yes - 81%
No - 19%

If yes, how?
  • Minimal - 50%
  • Ongoing meetings and development of IEP - 29%
  • IEP is inadequate or not implemented - 12%
  • Families had to advocate for an IEP to be in place or reviews to occur - 6%
  • Families wrote IEP themselves - 1%
  • Other - 2%
22. HAVE YOU HEARD OF THE NATIONALLY CONSISTENT COLLECTION OF DATA (NCCD) FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITY?
Yes - 23%
No - 77%

If yes, what information has been provided to you?
  • Written information from school (letter, brochure) - 41%
  • Only through external sources (not the school) - 23%
  • I have had little to no information about it - 20%
  • Have heard about the NCCD but unsure of what it is - 6%
  • Satisfactory information from school (extensive information) - 4%
  • Parent had to fill out data collection - 1%
  • Other - 5%
23a. HAS THE STUDENT BEEN INCLUDED IN THE NCCD TO DATE?
Yes - 17%
No - 83%

23b. IF YES, WERE YOU CONSULTED AROUND WHAT INFORMATION WAS PROVIDED REGARDING THE STUDENT AND THEIR SUPPORT NEEDS?*
Yes - 36%
No - 64%
*230 respondents